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Valerie Mmanthe Mampshika,[Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and English.]

Trauma can be defined as an emotional response to terrible events such as rape,or death.Promptly after the terrible events which have occured in one’s life,shock and denial are typical. 

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If trauma is experienced for a longer period those who experience trauma can have fluctuating emotions,flashbacks also known as episodes, strained relationships with everyone, and they might also encounter headaches or feel nauseous. 

Trauma can also result in fear,looking over your shoulder at all times,drinking excessively or driving at a high speed,being unable to sleep for 8 recommended hours,and being aggressive. 

The three types of trauma are:

Acute trauma which occurs after one incident. 

Chronic trauma which refers to a repetition of events,for instance being raped more than once by a family member. 

Complex trauma is experienced by those who have experienced multiple traumatic events.

Post traumatic stress disorder(PSTD) occurs when the symptoms of trauma worsen in the weeks and months after the stressful event.

Trauma can be treated through individual therapy in which the therapist will focus on a single individual by utilising:

Cognitive behavioral therapy to transition their behaviour,emotions, and thoughts. 

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing by allowing the patient to relive their traumatic experiences whilst their eye movements are directed. 

Somatic therapy to help the mind and the body process the trauma. 

Medication can also be provided by the therapist to control anxiety,depression and insomnia,in addition to the different types of therapy mentioned previously. 

Families should support their family members who have experienced trauma before,and they should also attempt to take them to the nearest therapist to have their thoughts evaluated. 

Remember that medical professionals provide strategies on how to cope with the stresses of life,therefore any trauma patient can put therapy on hold once they acknowledge that the trauma can be relived more than once. 



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